The CogWatch.US glossary is intended to provide focus on the
definitions of terms as applied to the concepts under consideration
and may not include all the enumerated definitions that exist for the
term. The designator (NW 1828) refers to the The American Dictionary
of the English Language by Noah Webster 1828.
anarchy - Want of government; a
state of society when there is no law or supreme power, or when
the laws are not efficient, and individuals do what they please
with impunity; political confusion.
benefactor - He who confers a benefit, especially one
who makes charitable contributions either for public institutions
or for private use. (NW 1828)
bias - A mental leaning, partiality or prejudice.
censorship - The act of examining publications, movies,
mail, etc., and to remove or prohibit anything considered obscene
cog - A
person regarded as making a minor or insignificant contribution to
the working of a large organization or process.
commonwealth - An established form
of government, or civil polity; or more generally a state; a body
politic, consisting of a certain portion of men united by compact
or tacit agreement, under one form of government and system of
laws. (#1 NW 1828)
corporate - 1. United in a body, or community, as a
number of individuals, who are empowered to to transact business
as an individual; formed into a body; as a corporate assembly, or
society; a corporate town. 2. United, general; collectively
one. (NW 1828)
corporation - A body politic or corporate, formed and
authorized by law to act as a single person; a society having the
capacity of transacting business as an individual. (NW 1828)
corporatism - A political or economic system in which
power is held by civic assemblies that represent economic,
industrial, agrarian, social, cultural, and/or professional
democracy - A system of
government of rule by the people who assemble and take political
demagogue - A leader of the people; an orator who
pleases the populace and influences them to adhere to him. (NW
freeman - One who enjoys liberty, or who is not subject
to the will of another; one not a slave or vassal. (NW 1828)
ideology - the body of doctrine, myth, symbol, etc.,
with reference to some political or cultural plan, as that of
communism, along with the procedures for putting it into
instruments - The methods
used to produce a certain characteristic in a population.
ism - A distinctive doctrine, system or theory.
One who believes in the primacy of the individual over society and the private
ownership of property and the basic means of production, distribution and
libertarian (2) - Pertaining to liberty, or to the
doctrine of free will, as opposed to the doctrine of necessity.
libertine - A man who lives without restraint of the
animal passion; one who indulges his lust without restraint; one
who leads a dissolute, licentious life; a rake; a debauchee. (#3 -
medicalism - A system based on the dominate
medical/health-care theory in a society, which includes the
political control of the practitioners, the method of delivery and
the enforcement of use by a population.
oppression - The act of oppressing; the imposition of
unreasonable burden in taxes or services; cruelty, severity.
objective - Of or having to do with a known or
perceived object that is not merely in the mind; being the aim or
originalism - The belief in the original concepts of a
doctrine, system or theory.
republic - A commonwealth; a state
in which the exercise of the sovereign power is lodged in
representatives elected by the people. (#1 - NW 1828)
socialism - The generic
term for the belief in the primacy of society, considered
collectively, over the individual.
socialist - One who believes in the primacy
of society over the individual and the public collective ownership or control
over property and the basic means of production, distribution and exchange.
stake-holder - An entity that holds an interest or property in
tyranny - Arbitrary or despotic exercise of power; the
exercise of power over subjects and others with a rigor not
authorized by law or justice, or not requisite for the purposes of
government. Hence tyranny is often synonymous with cruelty
usurp - To seize and hold in
possession by force or without right; as to usurp a throne; to
usurp the prerogatives of the crown; to usurp power. (NW 1828)
usurpation - The act of seizing or
occupying and enjoying the property of another, without right. (NW
vectors - Characteristics
targeted to be developed within a population.